The major types of childhood cancers are leukemia and brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors, which account for more than half of new cases. There is still a great deal of research that needs to be done but awareness is a great tool in fighting the battle against cancer.
- Every day, 42 children are diagnosed with cancer.
- Cancer is the leading cause of death by disease among U.S. children between infancy and age 14.
- 12% of children diagnosed with cancer do not survive.
- Children's cancer affects all ethnic, gender and socio-economic groups.
- The average age of children diagnosed is six.
- More than 40,000 children undergo treatment for cancer each year.
- 60% of children who survive cancer suffer late-effects, such as infertility, heart failure and secondary cancers.
- There are approximately 375,000 adult survivors of children's cancer in the United States.
- That equates to 1 in 530 adults ages 20-39.
Medulloblastoma (also called PNET or Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor)
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in children. It is a fast growing tumor that begins in the lower back part of the brain (the posterior fossa) and can spread to other parts of the body. In up to one-third of patients, the tumor will have spread to the brain lining (meninges) and spinal cord at the time of diagnosis.